torstai 10. tammikuuta 2013

IWC - International Watch Company

IWC’s Year of the Pilot’s Watches

International Watch Company, tunnettu myös nimillä IWC ja IWC - Schaffhausen, on sveitsiläinen kellomerkki, jonka historia ulottuu aina vuoteen 1868 asti. Tuolloin amerikkalainen Florentine Ariosto Jones päätti perustaa kellotehtaan. Syy miksi tehdas perustettiin juuri Schaffhauseniin, oli alueelle muutama vuosi aikaisemmin perustettu vesivoimala. Tämä mahdollisti useiden eri teollisuuden alojen perustamisen alueelle. IWC on ensimmäinen ja ainoa kellonvalmistaja Sveitsin koillisosassa.

Vuonna 1936 IWC aloitti erityisesti lentäjille suunniteltujen kellojen valmistamisen sarjalla Mark IX. Muutama vuosikymmen myöhemmin IWC aloitti yhteistyön automerkki Porchen kanssa. Vuonna 1978 he kehittivät ja markkinoivat maailman ensimmäisen kompassin sisältävän kellon. Myöhemmin IWC on tehnyt yhteistyötä myös Mercedeksen kanssa.
IWC’s  Pilot’s Watches

Vuonna 1991 IWC:n toimitusjohtaja Günter Blümlein perusti LMH-konsernin Schaffhauseniin. LMH omistaa IWC:n, 60 prosenttia Jaeger LeCoultresta ja 90 prosenttia saksalaisesta A Lange & Söhne -kellomerkistä. LMH-konsernissa työskentelee yli 1440 henkilöä.

Heinäkuussa vuonna 2000 LMH myytiin ylellisyystuotteisiin keskittyneelle Richemont-konsernille. Myymisen yhteydessä kaikille LHM:n tuotemerkeille taattiin itsenäisyys ja jatkuvuus. Kaupan ansiosta sveitsiläiset kellomerkit IWC ja Jaeger LeCoultre pysyivät sveitsiläisessä omistuksessa.


IWC History

1868    Florentine Ariosto Jones (1841-1916), a watchmaker from Boston, Massachusetts, founds the International Watch Company in Schaffhausen. His aim: to produce high- quality pocket watches for the American market.

Florentine Ariosto Jones

1875    Construction of new premises and the current headquarters of IWC on the banks of the River Rhine. IWC has 196 employees.
1880    Schaffhausen engine manufacturer Johannes Rauschenbach-Vogel (1815-1881) acquires IWC.

1881    Following the death of his father, Johannes Rauschenbach-Schenk (1856-1905) takes over IWC's helm.

IWC 1885

1885    Innovation: the first watches with a digital hours and minutes display (Pallweber system) leave the workshops in Schaffhausen.

1887    Manufacture of the Magique, a pocket watch in a cabriolet case with a 24-hour display that can be used either as a hunter or an open- face pocket watch.

1899    One of the first known wristwatches leaves Schaffhausen destined for the market. The company's small 64-calibre ladies' pocket watch movement is housed in a dainty case fitted with lugs for the wristband. The 63- calibre ladies' pocket watch movement is used for other wristwatches.

IWC 1903

1903    Emma Marie Rauschenbach (1882-1955), daughter of Johannes Rauschenbach, marries psychologist and psychiatrist Dr. Carl Gustav (C. G.) Jung (1875-1961). Her younger sister Bertha Margaretha marries Schaffhausen industrialist Ernst Jakob Homberger (1869-1955) the same year.

1905    Following the death of Johannes Rauschenbach, Ernst Jakob Homberger takes over the management of IWC on behalf of Rauschenbach's heirs.


1915    Two newly developed calibres, the 75 (without seconds) and the 76 calibre (with small seconds), are the first movements designed by IWC specifically for wristwatches.

1929    Ernst Jakob Homberger acquires the holding of his brother-in-law C.G. Jung and becomes the sole owner of IWC.

1931    IWC creates elegant, rectangular watches that contain the newly designed tonneau-shaped 87 calibre.

IWC 1936

1936    IWC's first “Special Pilot's Watch“ is launched. It features a rotating bezel with an arrowhead index that can be used to register take-off times. It is also fitted with an antimagnetic escapement.

IWC 1939

1939    The birth of the Portuguese watch: two importers from Portugal order a series of large wristwatches with high-precision pocket watch calibres.

1940    In response to demand, IWC develops the Big Pilot's Watch 52 T. S. C. with a central seconds hand.

IWC 1944

1944    The appearance of IWC's first W. W. W.: a new wristwatch for military use by the British Army. The letters W. W. W. engraved on the back of the case stand for “Watch, Wrist, Waterproof”, and the royal arrowhead insigna is used as a mark of ownership. Albert Pellaton, born in 1898, takes up his post as Technical Director at IWC.

1946    Pellaton's first design, the 89 calibre movement, has a central seconds hand and is extremely accurate.

1948    Appearance of the Pilot's Watch Mark 11 from IWC with the 89 calibre. Its soft- iron inner case provides unusually high protection against magnetic fields.

1950    The 85 calibre, designed by Albert Pellaton, features IWC's first automatic winding mechanism. The innovative pawl-winding system replaces the traditional reciprocal gearing and, at this time, is a patented proprietary development by IWC.

IWC C89 17 Jewel Manual-Wind Circa 1955

1955    Hans Ernst Homberger becomes the company's last private owner. The Ingenieur with automatic winding is launched.

1959    Design of the 44 calibre, the first automatic women's movement from IWC.

1967    With the Aquatimer, IWC marks the beginning of a successful series of diver's watches. Water-resistant to an unprecedented 20 bar, it is the watch of choice for professional use underwater. The Yacht Club Automatic is unveiled at the Basel Watch Show.

1969    IWC is involved in the development of the Beta 21 quartz movement, a wristwatch calibre with quartz control (frequency 8192 hertz). It marks a watch-making revolution. The Da Vinci is the first IWC wristwatch to feature the Beta 21 quartz movement.

1976    With the new Ingenieur SL, IWC takes the Ingenieur tradition a step further.

1977    The unveiling of the 9721 calibre: the first pocket watch from IWC with a calendar and moon phase display. IWC embarks on the construction of its complications. These include a series of complicated pocket watches, some of which are also skeletonised.

1978   Co-operation with designer F.A. Porsche results in the first wristwatch with a built-in compass. The same year, German instrument manufacturer VDO Adolf Schindling AG takes over IWC.

1980   IWC produces the world's first chronograph in a titanium case, designed by F. A. Porsche. IWC procures its expertise in the machining of titanium through an exchange of ideas with Aérospatiale and other leading technology specialists.

1982   IWC launches the ultra-rugged Ocean 2000 diver's watch, made of titanium and pressure-resistant to 200 bar.

1985   The Da Vinci from IWC is the first chronograph to feature a perpetual calendar that is mechanically programmed for the next 500 years and can be set using only the crown. Another exclusive feature is the four-digit year display.

1986   IWC begins to use zirconium oxide, a scratch-resistant and virtually unbreakable ceramic, as a new case material.

1987   With its Novecento (Italian for “20th century”) the Schaffhausen-based company presents the first rectangular, water-resistant and automatic IWC watch with a perpetual calendar.

1990   A quantum leap in precision watchmaking: the wristwatch-size Grande Complication appears with a wealth of functions: a chronograph with a perpetual calendar, minute repeater and moon phase display. It is a masterpiece that was 7 years in the making.

1993   Watchmaking's ultimate achievement goes by the name of II Destriero Scafusia, “The Warhorse of Schaffhausen”. To mark its 125th anniversary, the company produces what was then the world's most complicated mechanical wristwatch in a one-off limited edition of 125 pieces. The exclusive timepiece features several complications, including a tourbillon, split-seconds, minute repeater and perpetual calendar. Likewise, to celebrate its 125th anniversary, IWC launches a limited series of its Portuguese watch, and in doing so revives the tradition of high-precision, large-calibre wristwatches.

1994   The Pilot's Watch Mark XII maintains the tradition of the legendary Mark 11.

IWC Da Vinci Chronograph

1995   To commemorate the 10th birthday of the automatic Da Vinci Chronograph, the Da Vinci appears as a split-seconds chronograph with a tenth hand. Another new model is the Portuguese Chrono-Rattrapante, a large-calibre chronograph with split-seconds hand. There is also no mistaking the third new product: the Portuguese Minute Repeater.

1997   The new GST sports watch line makes its debut.

1998   IWC's designers launch the Pilot's Watch UTC (Universal Time Coordinated) featuring an hour hand that can be adjusted in one- hour steps and a 24-hour display.

1999   The GST Deep One is a demonstration of IWC's creativity when it comes to diver's watches. The GST Deep One is the first IWC watch with a mechanical depth gauge.

2000    With the extra-large 5000 calibre, which runs for 7 days non-stop and features a power reserve display and a Pellaton automatic winding system, IWC's designers develop the company's own movement for large wristwatches. IWC is taken over by Richemont.

2001    Günter Blümlein (1943-2001), amongst other things Chairman of the Board of Directors at IWC, was an outstanding personality who had a decisive influence on the company's development.

2002    At the Salon International de la Haute Horlogerie (SIHH) in Geneva, IWC presents the Big Pilot's Watch with its 7-day movement, automatic winding, power reserve display and date display, and revives the company's tradition of the Big Pilot's Watch.

2003    The Portuguese Perpetual Calendar with its newly designed perpetual calendar and exclusive hemisphere moon phase display is yet another demonstration of IWC's innovative tradition. A second highlight is the new Spitfire range of pilot's watches.

2004    IWC relaunches the Aquatimer family. At the same time, the Portuguese family is extended to include the Portuguese Tourbillon Mystère, the Portuguese Minute Repeater Squelette and the Portuguese Automatic. New models are also added to the Da Vinci and Portofino lines.

2005    Ten IWC premieres in a single year. There are some exquisite new additions to the Portuguese and Da Vinci families and, after 50 years, the Ingenieur makes a spectacular comeback in three versions. The new East Annexe of the company's premises in Schaffhausen is inaugurated.

2006    IWC unveils five classic pilot's watches in a modified design, including the Big Pilot's Watch and the Pilot's Watch Chronograph. The watches in the Spitfire collection, such as a larger version of the Spitfire Chronograph, are given a facelift.

2007    IWC presents the tonneau-shaped Da Vinci line. This includes the Da Vinci Chronograph with a completely new IWC-manufactured movement and the Da Vinci Perpetual Calendar Edition Kurt Klaus, named after the man who invented the calendar, commemorating his golden jubilee with IWC. Other new products include the Big Ingenieur and the Spitfire Double Chronograph. In the summer, the newly designed watch museum opens its doors. A modern, lightflooded space with many attractive exhibits now occupies the area where cases and movement parts were once made, and a multimedia presentation relates the company's history.

2008    On the 140th anniversary of its foundation, IWC pays homage to the legendary founders of its six watch families in an exclusive IWC Vintage Collection. The West Annexe, built for the company's watchmakers in the same style as the East Annexe, is completed.

IWC Aquatimer Automatic 2000

2009    IWC presents a new generation of technically improved Aquatimer watches together with new models. A much-publicised premiere: the Da Vinci Perpetual Calendar Digital Date- Month arrives on the scene with a big digital display for the date and month in large numerals.

IWC Portuguese Tourbillon
2010    IWC launches several new models in the Portuguese watch collection. For the first time ever, the Portuguese Tourbillon Mystère Rétrograde combines the flying tourbillon with a retrograde date display. While the Grande Complication makes its debut in a Portuguese case, the Portuguese Yacht Club Chronograph brings an unmistakably sporty touch to the watch family. And the Da Vinci Chronograph Ceramic, with a case made of extremely durable high-tech ceramic and titanium, features a fascinating three-dimensional chapter ring that appears to hover above the dial.

1 kommentti:

  1. It something great for the Marina Militare watch. I love that watch a lot. It something high price for me.

    Holland and Holland Rifle


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